1. Shoes need to match the shape of the feet. A pointed toe box is not suitable for a wide foot.
2. To provide stability, footwear should have as much contact as possible with the ground. Your body will be more stable in a wedge, rather than a pump.
3. Shoe materials play an important role as well. Synthetic lining materials that don’t breath contribute to a warm, damp environment for the foot, which can lead to blisters, fungi, and infection. Synthetics are seldom best for the upper part of the shoe because they are not as forgiving as leather. Good shoe designers know how to put the leather together, so the shoe will stretch in the same direction as the foot, from side to side.
4. Shop in the afternoon, after your foot had time to naturally expand. This will ensure you get proper width, and do not find the balls of your feet compressed as the day goes on.
5. Shoes that provide some shock absorption and cushioning. Shoe construction is critical to ensure proper support. Shoe should have a sturdy shank in the mid-sole and a firm heel counter.
6. If you have plantar fasciitis, and inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot, it calls for a supportive, stable shoe. Most people with plantar fasciitis improve with some orthotic intervention, such as an arch support or a heel lift.
7. Forefoot problems, such as bunions, hammer toes, and metatarsal pain, need a higher, wider toe box and a shock – absorbent sole.
8. Arthritic conditions of the midfoot can be painful.The shoe needs to improve stabilization and support, and allow the whole foot to touch the floor. Patients need a shoe that can be modified within.
9. The goal of diabetic shoes is to accommodate the foot to eliminate any areas of high pressure. Preferably soft leathers which will mold to subtle changes within the foot. Fewer seams also present fewer opportunities for aggravating the skin.